Bronchoscopy is the examination of the airways or trachea and lung or bronchial tree with an endoscope.
Detection of cerebrovascular disorders:
Electrophysiological examination of the nervous system:
Evaluation of peripheral blood vessels:
Evaluation of lung functions:
Computed Tomography (CT scan)
This is a diagnostic imaging technique to obtain a number of cross – sectional images, which, once processed electronically, can be reconstructed on 2D and 3D planes. CT scans are used to evaluate thoracic, abdominal pathologies in case of various injuries, to diagnose pathologies of brains, skull, soft tissues of the neck, as well as vascular pathologies.
X-ray examinations (RTG)
Mostly, the RTG technique is used to evaluate the structural or traumatic changes in joints and bones, dislocation and deformations, changes in spinal vertebrae, examine gastrointestinal tract, contrast examination, also RTG is one of primary examination techniques in case of pulmonary diseases.
2D breast tissue X-ray examination with low-intensity x-rays. This technique is irreplaceable and is still considered as one of the key methods to detect on time breast cancer or other breast pathologies.
Magnetic field and radio waves help to obtain, without moving the patient, images in various planes, which thanks to excellent soft tissue differentiation capacities, thereby obtaining top-quality images and information of pathologies in the brain, spine, joints, abdominal and pelvic organs, as well as in other soft tissues.
Positron emission tomography and computed tomography (PET-CT)
This is a tomographic imaging diagnostic technique, which combines two techniques – positron emission tomography and computed tomography (CT). This technique visualizes areas in the body with an increased rate of metabolic activity, thereby enabling to see cancer cells sooner than other techniques. This technique renders precise information of a tumour, thus, its location, dimensions, whether the tumour has distant metastasis, whether it is responsive to therapy, whether it relapses after therapy.
- For early diagnostics of malignant tumours. PET/CT method indicates to areas in the body with an increased rate of metabolic activity. It allows differentiating between benign and malignant tumours and preventing unnecessary surgical intervention, including biopsies, if the PET/CT examination is negative. Furthermore, PET/CT examination enables to precise the biopsy sampling place;
- To precise the tumour stage. PET/CT is a specifically sensitive method to assess the disease prevalence, especially in patients with lymphoma, melanoma, breast, pulmonary, head and C – spine, intestine and cervical tumours. Such information is very important to decide on the therapy tactics, which differs in case of early and metastatic tumours;
- To detect recurrence of malignant tumour or metastasis after completion of therapy. Currently PET/CT is the most sensitive method to differentiate between true recurrence of disease and consequences of therapy (radiation fibrosis, necrosis, scar tissues and other postoperative changes);
- To assess effectiveness of therapy. By taking PET/CT before and during pharmacological therapy, an opportunity to detect much earlier than anatomical changes whether a tumour responds to a particular treatment or not. The decrease in the number of “active” points or in their intensity during therapy is assessed as a positive effect. This enables to decide promptly and simply, for example, to discontinue or change the pharmacological therapy.
This is an easy to access and quick to perform imaging diagnostic method, whereby various organs and structures of soft tissues can be assessed. Exactly ultrasound is essential to detect the pregnancy, foetal pathologies, gynaecological, breast and prostate diseases, as well as to view abdominal organs, thyroid gland.
- Abdominal ultrasound
- Urinary tract ultrasound
- Prostate ultrasound
- Thyroid ultrasound
- Ultrasound of lymph nodes
- Ultrasound of connective tissues, muscles, tendons, joints
- Breast ultrasound